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The Construction of Europe Through Judicial Cooperation in Matters of Protection of Victims of Gender-based Violence

The Construction of Europe Through Judicial Cooperation in Matters of Protection of Victims of Gender-based Violence ampliar imagen

  • Simó Soler, Elisa. Coordinador
  • Borges Blázquez, Raquel. Coordinador
  • Martínez García, Elena. Director
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    • Editorial: Tirant lo Blanch
    • ISBN: 978-84-1336-338-7
    • Páginas: 166
    • Dimensiones: 15 cm x 21,5 cm
    • Plaza de edición: Valencia , España
    • Encuadernación: Rústica
    • Idiomas: Inglés
    • Fecha de la edición: 2019
    • Edición: 1ª ed.

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    Resumen del libro

    The world´s multipolar geopolitical configuration, the crisis of the economic system, the presence of neoconservative approaches in parliaments or the crisis of refugees are some of the factors that have defined a new stage in the history of the European Union. This scenario is combined with the inherent diversity of the European Union, a set of sovereign cultural, legal and sociological identities and realities. Thus, in this context the Directive 2011/99/EU on the Europeanprotection order arises with the aim of Creating Europe through Equality, Freedom and Judicial Cooperation civil and criminal. Judicial cooperation between European States shows us the limits of the European Union. Not only the European legislator finds these limits, but also national judges. Different legal systems complicate mutual recognition and without mutual recognition the Space of Freedom, Security and Justice cannot guarantee the security of its citizens. Moreover, we cannot speak of real Justice if victims do not have freedom to move around the European Union. Gender violence victims find another problem: the non-existence of a gender concept in the European Union. Taking all these facts into account, we firmly believe that we must continue creating a real European Union in order to fight against violence. Within this work we study the Directive 2011/99/EU on the European Protection Order contextualized with the surprising data that the European Union has about gender equality.


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    Índice

    The Construction of Europe through Judicial Cooperation in Matters of Protection of Victims of Gender-Based Violence
    Elena Martínez García
    PART I
    A PRACTICAL OVERVIEW ON THE APPLICATION OF THE EUROPEAN PROTECTION ORDER IN SPAIN
    Chapter I
    CHALLENGES IN THE APPLICATION OF THE EUROPEAN 
    PROTECTION ORDER
    Mª Dolores Hernández Rueda
    I.    Introduction
    II.    Implementation of the European Protection Order in Spain
    1.    Rules of procedure
    2.    Object
    3.    Subjects
    III.    Issuance of a Protection Order in Spain
    IV.    Reception in Spain of a Restraining Order
    V.    Questions regarding the European Protection Order
    1.    Can an EPO be agreed ex officio?
    2.    Can an EPO be requested at the magistrate’s court on duty?
    3.    Does the protected person necessarily have to be a woman and the person causing danger a man?
    4.    What happens when the protected person and the person causing danger, whether under investigation or already sentenced, move to another EU State?
    5.    Can civil measures be agreed upon for their enforcement in the State to which the EPO victim is moving to within the criminal proceeding?
    6.    Who has the competence in Spain to enforce EPOs issued by an authority or Judge from another Member State?
    7.    Is a Court of First Instance competent to adopt a restraining order decreed in another Member State of the EU?
    8.    When can a Court of First Instance Judge issue the Regulation 606/2013 Certificate?

    Chapter II
    REMARKS ON DIRECTIVE 2011/99/EU, ON THE EUROPEAN 
    PROTECTION ORDER
    Javier Hernández García
    I.    On the (in)efficacy of the scheme
    1.    Lack of or insufficient information
    2.    Request submitted by the parties
    3.    Lack of a common substantive framework
    4.    Fragmentation of the protection instruments
    II.    Main features of the scheme
    1.    Facilitation
    2.    Limited protective measures
    3.    Flexibilisation of the enforcement conditions
    4.    Direct communication
    5.    Open regulatory categories
    6.    Comprehensive grounds for non-recognition
    II.    Enactment of Spanish Act 23/2014 [Ley 23/2014] for the implementation of the Directive: special remarks on the grounds for non-recognition
    1.    Mandatory nature
    2.    Completeness
    3.    Limitation period
    4.    Pardon
    5.    Ne bis in idem
    6.    Immunity
    7.    Double criminality
    Chapter III
    PRACTICAL WORKSHOP FOR ISSUING THE EUROPEAN 
    PROTECTION ORDER
    Alfonso Peralta Gutiérrez
    I.    Precautions during its processing
    1.    Procedural options
    2.    Fears, complexes, positive predisposition and involvement
    3.    Criminal records
    4.    Statements by the parties and witnesses.
    5.    Procedure difficulties in mixed courts
    II.    Issuing, sending, receiving and executing a European Protection Order
    1.    Issuing a European Protection Order
    2.    Referral and sending an EPO
    3.    Recognition and executing the EPO
    Chapter IV
    THE POTENTIAL CLASH BETWEEN DIRECTIVE 2011/99/EU AND 
    OTHER MUTUAL RECOGNITION INSTRUMENTS
    Raquel Borges Blázquez
    I.    Mutual recognition instruments that may clash with the Directive 2011/99/EU
    II.    Regulation (EU) 606/2013
    III.    The Framework Decisions on probation and on alternatives to provisional detention
    1.    Framework Decision 2008/947/JHA
    2.    Framework Decision 2009/829/JHA
    3.    Competence
    IV.    Reflections
    Chapter V
    BUILDING EUROPE THROUGH JUDICIAL COOPERATION REGARDING THE PROTECTION OF VICTIMS OF GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE: THE PROTECTION OF VICTIMS WITHIN THE EUROPEAN UNION. THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE PUBLIC PROSECUTION SERVICE
    Ana Cristina Sanz Álvarez
    I.    Introduction
    II.    Relevant scope of application
    1.    Framework Decision 2008/947/JHA
    2.    Framework Decision 2009/829/JHA
    3.    Directive 2011/99/EU
    III.    Territorial scope of application
    IV.    Issuing requirements
    V.    Conclusions
    Chapter VI
    LEGAL AID FOR EUROPEAN PROTECTION ORDER PROCEDURES 
    PROCESSED IN SPAIN
    Mª José Jordán Díaz-Roncero
    I.    Legal aid for European Protection Order procedures
    1.    Legal aid for the victim within the European Protection Order
    2.    Legal aid for the alleged aggressor in the European Protection Order
    II.    Right to free legal aid in the issuance and execution of a European Protection Order
    2.    Right to free legal aid of the person under investigation-accused in the issuing and executing procedure of a European Protection Order

    PART II
    MAP OF THE PROTECTION MEASURES WITHIN THE EUROPEAN UNION
    Chapter VII
    REGULATION (EU) 606/2013 ON MUTUAL RECOGNITION OF 
    PROTECTION MEASURES IN CIVIL MATTERS. SPAIN AS A 
    CERTIFICATE-ISSUING STATE?
    Katixa Etxebarria Estankona
    I.    The cross-border protection of victims of gender-based violence across the European Union
    1.    Regulation 606/2013 as a supplement to the Directive on the European Protection Order
    2.    Why are there two different instruments for a same purpose?
    II.    Essential aspects of Regulation (EC) 606/2013
    1.    Object
    2.    Scope of application
    3.    Certificates as a document enabling the automatic recognition of measures
    4.    Recognition and enforcement in the Member State addressed
    III.    The situation in Spain
    1.    Spain: State receiving civil certificates and ssuing EPOs
    2.    Can Spain be a civil-certificate issuing State?
    3.    Procedure applicable and authorities competent for the issuance and recognition of measures
    4.    A practical experience of recognition and enforcement of a civil certificate in Spain
    IV.    By way of conclusion
    Chapter VIII
    PRACTICAL APPLICATION IN SPAIN OF REGULATION (EU) NO. 606/2013 OF 12 JUNE ON MUTUAL RECOGNITION OF PROTECTION MEASURES IN CIVIL MATTERS
    Sonia Rodríguez Llamas
    I.    Executing gender-based violence civil matters from other Member States in Spain
    II.    Analysis of the factual assumption
    III.    Inhibition due to lack of objective jurisdiction on the matter
    IV.    Executing protection measures in civil matters by the Spanish legal system

    PART III
    RISK ASSESSMENT
    Chapter IX
    GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE RISK ASSESSMENT AS AN INSTRUMENT TO IMPROVE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE EUROPEAN 
    PROTECTION ORDER
    Miguel Lorente Acosta
    I.    “Violence” in the European Union
    II.    Interpersonal violence and gender-based violence: differential characteristics
    III.    Gender-based violence in theEuropean Union
    IV.    The European Protection Order: limitations in the cases of gender-based violence and the need to assess risk
    Chapter X
    EMANCIPATORY RIGHTS FOR VICTIMS OF GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE
    Elisa Simó Soler
    I.    What is the reality of gender-based violence in the European Union?
    II.    Providing women an instrument for protection, what would this mean?
    III.    Is criminal law a factor for social awareness?



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